Lung Cancer

More people in the United States die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer.  In 2010, more than 200,000 people in the United States were diagnosed with lung cancer and there were more than 158,000 deaths.  After increasing for decades, lung cancer rates are decreasing nationally, as fewer people smoke cigarettes.


Indication Cell Line Available Models
Lung Carcinoma A549, NIH-H460, NCI-H69 (small cell), NCI-H82 (small cell), NIH-H520, Lewis Lung Xenograft, Orthotopic, In Vitro Assays, Cancer Stem Cells



Preclinical Models

Model Description Length Endpoints
Xenograft Tumor cells are implanted subcutaneously in rats or mice Variable Tumor volume, histology, cytokine induction, protein, and RNA expression.
Orthotopic Cells are implanted directly into the desired organ site in rats or mice
Cancer Stem Cells Tumor initiating cells are enriched from a heterogeneous bulk tumor cell population.  Cancer stem cells are studied in comparison to the “parent” line and can be assessed in 3-D culture in vitro or implanted into animals in vivo.  In vitro: Tumorsphere Formation, Proliferation, Survival, Migration, FACS profile.

In Vivo
: Tumor volume, metastasis, histology, cytokine induction, protein and RNA Expression
In Vitro Assays Assays for: Proliferation and survival, migration and invasion, tumorspheres/colony formation, and FACS biomarker analysis Tumor cell growth, invasiveness and survival
* Several models are compatible with IVIS imaging for in-life monitoring of disease progression.


Orthotopic Model of Lung Cancer


Two SCLC cell lines tested for their orthotopic growth potential in mouse lungs. In summary, 5x 10^6 cells were innoculated via intratracheal instillation into nude mice. In life study time was 10-12 weeks; visible tumors apparent in both cell lines in lungs of mice.


H&E stained lung sections from animals receiving intratracheal lung cancer cells with and without treatment with CPT-11.


(A)Representative IVIS Images Showing the Treatment Effects of Dosing with CPT-11 on H460 Lung Orthotopic Tumor Growth

(B)Radiance values for each animal are quantitated to demonstrate the efficacy of therapeutics to treat orthotopic lung tumor growth.